Guidelines for Certification

 Disability Certificate

The disability certificate is not just a document for a person with disability but a proof of his/her disability and an important tool for availing the benefits / facilities / rights that they are entitled to, from the Central as well as State Government under various appropriate enabling legislation. Disability Certificates are issued by three-member Medical Boards constituted at the District level, involving a cumbersome and time consuming procedure making access to the certificates difficult. Only, about 35% of persons with disabilities had been issued disability certificates as in October, 2010.

In order to become eligible for obtaining the Disability Certificate, a person with disability should fulfill the following conditions:

1. To be an Indian citizen.

2. To possess medical reports explaining type of his/her disability.

3. The minimum degree of disability should be 40% in order to be eligible.

The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Rules, 1996 provide the broad guidelines for issue of the disability certificates. The Rules lay down that a Medical Board, duly constituted by the Central and the State Government, shall issue a Disability Certificate. The certificate issued by the Medical Board makes a person eligible to apply for facilities, concessions and benefits admissible under schemes of the Governments or Non-Governmental Organisations, subject to such conditions as the Central or the State Government may impose.


The guidelines issued by the Government for simplification of the procedures for issue of disability certificates are:-

i.   Particular day(s) in a week/month for issue of certificates may be fixed.

ii.  Camps may be held for issuing disability certificate at the taluka/block level.

iii. Camps with other programmes such as rural development and poverty alleviation may     be linked up.

iv. Specific time frame may be prescribed for issue of disability certificate may be given.

v. Difficulties are being faced in issue of disability certificate for persons with mental          retardation due to non-availability of psychiatrist / clinical psychologist / pediatrician in    the Medical Board. Private practitioners of repute may be co-opted in the Medical          Board.

vi. No fee should be charged from the persons with disabilities for issue of disability           certificate.

For issue of disability certificate to students with disabilities, the guidelines are:

i.  The responsibility for arranging the issue of the certificate has to be of the                   principals/headmasters of the schools.

ii. On the written request of school authorities, the District Medical Board should visit the    school for evaluation of the disability of the student and issue certificate as per the        notified guidelines and format of certificate.

iii. In case the Medical Board is of the view that the evaluation of disability of a particular       student can be done only after carrying out certain tests with the equipments available     in the District Hospital and therefore, the student should brought to the Hospital, the       school authority shall make arrangement for the visit. The expenditure will be borne by     the Education Department of the State Government / UT Administration.

iv. No fee should be charged from the disabled students for issue of disability certificate.

v.  The certificate may be issued before completion of the schooling of the disabled           student along with their School Leaving Certificate or as and when required.